Knowing the basic characteristics of everyday bond will hopefully help you understand all other types of paper.
The typical paper you use on a basic printer at home is 20lb bond and is .004 of an inch thick.
The brightness is around 82, this is a measurement that goes up to around 96.
The finish is considered smooth or sometimes wove, that is with a slight texture.
The paper is uncoated, versus the clay coating found on gloss or matte stocks.
The paper typically has a low opacity that refers to the amount of light that can pass through.
This is important if you don’t like to see print from the other side of the sheet.
Types of Paper
Bond, Writing, usually considered business papers 20lb, 24lb, 28lb & rarely 32lb
Book (uncoated) 50lb, 60lb, 70lb, and rarely 80lb. Mostly in whites
Book (coated gloss & matte or dull) 60lb, 70lb, 80lb, 100lb. Mostly white
Text, 70lb, 80lb. Similar to book, but in a wide variety of colors and finishes.
Cover (coated gloss & matte or dull) 80lb, 100lb. Mostly white
Cover (uncoated), Comes in a wide variety of colors and finishes.
Wove, slight texture
Vellum, heavy texture
Felt, like vellum
C1s, coated 1 side
C2s, coated 2 sides
Gloss, coated both sides
Matte & dull, coated both sides
99% of coated paper is made in white?
The coating is made of clay?
It is best used where graphic detail is important, like pictures?
Bond, text and writing papers are not normally coated?
80lb book gloss is about the same thickness as standard copy paper?