Understanding paper...

  • Everyday copy machine paper described.

  • Types of paper

  • Paper Finishes

  • Coated Paper facts

  • Paper thickness chart

Knowing the basic characteristics of everyday bond will hopefully help you understand all other types of paper.

  The typical paper you use on a basic printer at home is 20lb bond and is .004 of an inch thick.
  The brightness is around 82, this is a measurement that goes up to around 96.
  The finish is considered smooth or sometimes wove, that is with a slight texture.
  The paper is uncoated, versus the clay coating found on gloss or matte stocks.
  The paper typically has a low opacity that refers to the amount of light that can pass through.
  This is important if you don’t like to see print from the other side of the sheet.

  • Bond, Writing, usually considered business papers 20lb, 24lb, 28lb & rarely 32lb

  • Book (uncoated) 50lb, 60lb, 70lb, and rarely 80lb. Mostly in whites

  • Book (coated gloss & matte or dull) 60lb, 70lb, 80lb, 100lb. Mostly white

  • Text, 70lb, 80lb. Similar to book, but in a wide variety of colors and finishes.

  • Cover (coated gloss & matte or dull) 80lb, 100lb. Mostly white

  • Cover (uncoated), Comes in a wide variety of colors and finishes.

  • Smooth

  • Wove, slight texture

  • Vellum, heavy texture

  • Linen

  • Laid

  • Light cockle

  • Felt, like vellum

  • C1s, coated 1 side

  • C2s, coated 2 sides

  • Gloss, coated both sides

  • Matte & dull, coated both sides

  • 99% of coated paper is made in white?

  • The coating is made of clay?

  • It is best used where graphic detail is important, like pictures?

  • Bond, text and writing papers are not normally coated?

  • 80lb book gloss is about the same thickness as standard copy paper?

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